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Mariana Trench Quiz Questions

1)  What is the Marianas Trench?
A) largest part of the world's oceans
B) deepest part of the world's oceans
C) highest part of the world's atmosphere
D) none of the above
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2)  How long is the Marianas Trench?
A) 1,580 mi
B) 1,500 mi
C) 1,580 km
D) 1,580 m
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3)  What organism was found in the Marianas Trench by Scripps Institution of Oceanography researchers?
A) Xenophyophores
B) crustaceans
C) diatomaceous
D) hadopelagenes
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4)  Where is the name Marianas Trench derived?
A) Isle Royal
B) Royal Island
C) Mariana Islands
D) Lake Mariana
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5)  What system does the Marianas Trench belong and forms the boundary between two tectonic plates?
A) Pacific Plate
B) flux melting
C) Izu-Bonin-Mariana subduction
D) none of the above
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6)  What is the small slot-shaped valley in the Marianas Trench floor?
A) Marianas Deep
B) Pacific Plate
C) Mariana Plate
D) Challenger Deep
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7)  What was the map published and showed a Challenger Tief at the location of that Marianas Trench?
A) Tiefenkarte des Grossen Ozeans
B) USS Nero
C) Challenger II
D) Challenger Deep
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8)  When was the Mariana Trench chosen by researchers at Washington University and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution for a seismic survey to investigate the subsurface water cycle?
A) 2000
B) 2011
C) 2015
D) 2012
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9)  Who was the Canadian director that made the 4th descent in the Marianas Trench?
A) Tom Cruise
B) Steven Stegal
C) Keannu Reeves
D) James Cameron
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10)  When was the Marianas Trench first sounded?
A) 1870
B) 1875
C) 1850
D) 1865
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11)  What was the submersible vessel used by James Cameron to reach the bottom of the Mariana Trench?
A) ROVs Kaiko
B) Nereus
C) Deepsea Challenger
D) Trieste
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12)  How many teams are planning to descent the Marianas Trench as of 2012?
A) one
B) five
C) three
D) seven
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13)  What was the converted collier that recorded a depth of 5269 fathoms in the Marianas Trench?
A) USS Nero
B) Nereus
C) Cyprus
D) DOER Marine
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14)  When did the Soviet vessel Vityaz reported a depth of 11,034 called the Mariana Hollow?
A) 1965
B) 1955
C) 1959
D) 1957
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15)  How many descents were achieved in the Marianas Trench?
A) 5
B) 1
C) 7
D) 4
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16)  When was the new species of snailfish discovered at a depth of 8,145 m (26,722 ft), breaking the previous record for the deepest living fish seen on video?
A) December 2014
B) December 2011
C) December 2004
D) December 2013
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17)  What was the first manned vehicle to reach the bottom of the Marianas Trench?
A) Kaiko
B) Deepsea Challenger
C) bathyscaphe Trieste
D) Nereus
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18)  What is the Florida-based company that designs and manufactures private submarines that plans to descent in the Marianas Trench?
A) ROVS
B) Trieste
C) Triton Submarines
D) DOER Marine
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19)  Who was the designer of the first manned vehicle to reach the bottom of the Marianas Trench?
A) Auguste Piccard
B) Graham Hawkes
C) James Cameron
D) Jacques Piccard
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20)  Who was the designer of Virgin Oceanic, one of the 3 teams that will descent in the Marianas Trench?
A) Jacques Piccard
B) Graham Hawkes
C) Auguste Piccard
D) James Cameron
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